Not so French Toast
History, People, Pondicherry
Not so French Toast
Divya Anne Selvaraj
JULY 9, 2019

The French have been credited with inventing the most marvellous things including Asprin and Hot Air Balloons. But when it comes to French Toast the credit appears to lie somewhere else entirely.

Where exactly? Your guess is as good as mine. Or it could be Ancient Rome, anywhere between the 1st and the 8th centuries. Somewhere within these 800 years, a compilation of Roman recipes called “Apicius” was written. This cookbook of sorts, had a recipe for something called “pan dulcis” or “aliter dulcia”. The second name simply means “another sweet dish” and following the recipe requires using “fine bread” to make really good French Toast. To read the original however, you’d have to be very good at Latin.

The French on the other hand called the same dish “pain perdu” or “lost bread”. How exactly did the bread get lost? Well, more than the bread, it was the fact that it was stale that got lost, once it was dunked into a mixture of milk, eggs and sugar and fried in butter. Now hopefully, when you order French Toast at your favourite café, they are not operating on the same principle. On the bright side, you would never know.

So, the dish is as old as the hills, but what about its name? Some claim that the first time the name was used was in a 1660 English cookbook aptly, called “The Accomplisht Cook” by a professional… cook called Robert May. He had trained in France before working in England. Could this be his ode to his French teachers? We’ll never know.

Above: A print from Robert May’s book “The Accomplisht Cook” where he reveals the mystery of cookery. Image Credit: Public Domain

Here’s a theory I have: A harried parent dropped the children’s toast into their omelette mixture one morning. S/he had no time to fix it because the Children needed to be dressed for school at the same time. So, s/he added some milk and sugar, called it a balanced meal and fried the whole thing up. When the children finally settled down and demanded what’s for breakfast, the poor parent blamed the French.


But people better than me have come up with more serious theories. One of them, is that French Toast was actually German Toast till World War I happened. The renaming was a patriotic move made by the French meant to insult the German Emperor or Kaiser. The Germans still haven’t verified this.


But what about Bombay Toast? Yes, there is such a thing, in India at least. Leavened Bread wasn’t a part of Indian cuisine till the early 16th century when it arrived with the Portuguese. But once bread did arrive, with a bit of cajoling on both ends, Indians embraced it, albeit on their own terms. These terms also applied to French Toast. So instead of Sugar, the Indian version was seasoned with salt, a sprinkle of turmeric and just a dash of red chilli powder or pepper. And since the result tastes nothing like French Toast, we proudly called it Bombay Toast. Then in 1995, the Indian government decided to change Bombay’s name to Mumbai. Toast was too tired to catch up.

But the good news is: the dish still exists in different versions throughout India. For a taste, join us on the Food Trail in Pondicherry. We’ll do you one better by serving it with some really good stories and a hot coffee. But if you are still craving something truly French, join us on the French Connections Trail.

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